For most short- term travelers the usual recommended vaccinations for Sri Lanka include cover against the childhood diseases (Tetanus, Diphtheria, and poliomyelitis, Measles, Mumps and those trekking in the Sri Lankan countryside or staying for longer periods then cover against hepatitis B and Rabies should be considered.
Dengue fever this mosquito-borne disease is becomingly increasingly problematic across Asia. As there is no vaccine available, It can only be prevented by avoiding mosquito bites at all times. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, and body ache and sometimes a rash and diarrhea. Treatment is rest and paracetamol- do not take aspirin or ibuprofen as it increases the like hood of hemorrhaging. Make sure you see a doctor to be diagnosed and monitored.
Hepatitis this food – and water-borne virus infects the liver, causing jaundice ( yellow skin and eyes), nausea and lethargy. There is no specific treatment for hepatitis. A Hepatitis B this sexually transmitted disease is spread by body fluids and can be prevented by vaccination. The long- term consequence can include liver cancer and cirrhosis.
HIV spreads via contaminated body fluids and present in Sri Lanka. Avoid unsafe sex, unsterilized needles ( including in medical facilities) and procedures such as tattoos.